Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences 2018. 15(1):47-53.

Bite Force of 3-6-Year-Old Children after Unilateral Extraction of Primary Teeth
Alireza Heydari, Yahya Baradaran Nakhjavani, Elnaz Askari Anaraki, Siavash Arvan, Maryam Shafi Zadeh

Abstract


Objectives: This study aimed to assess the bite force of 3-6-year-old children in primary dentition period after unilateral extraction of a primary first molar (D) and its correlation with the height, weight, gender, type of occlusion, and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs).

Materials and Methods: Twenty children between the ages of 3 and 6 years with a unilaterally extracted D comprised our case group, and 29 age-matched children with no extracted teeth comprised the control group. The maximum bite force at the site of posterior teeth was measured using a bite force measuring device with a 0.2-mm thickness and 3-cm diameter, attached to a strain-gage sensor. Each child bit the sensor with maximum force for 3 seconds, and this was repeated three times at 10-minute intervals. The mean value was calculated. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18 software program via generalized estimating equation (GEE).

Results: the bite force on the side of extraction was significantly lower than that on the contralateral side (P<0.05). Also, the bite force was significantly correlated with the height, gender, and age, but the correlations between the bite force and weight, type of occlusion and side of the jaw were not significant (P>0.05).

Conclusions: Extraction of primary first molars decreases the bite force on the respective side of the jaw.


Keywords


Bite Force; Tooth; Deciduous; Tooth Extraction

Full Text:

PDF

References


- McDonald RE, Avery DR, Stookey GK, Chin JR, Kowolik JE. Dental caries in the child and adolescent, in McDonald and Avery Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent. Maryland Heights, Mo: Mosby Elsevier, 2016:177-204.

- Nowak AJ, Casamassimo PS. The Handbook of Pediatric Dentistry. Chicago, IL, American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, 2011:248-251.

- Ward SC, Molnar S. Experimental stress analysis of topographic diversity in early hominid gnathic morphology. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1980 Sep;53(3):383-95.

- Marx RE, Garg AK. Bone structure, metabolism, and physiology: its impact on dental implantology. Implant Dent. 1998;7(4):267-76.

- Ortug G. A new device for measuring mastication force (Gnathodynamometer). Ann Anat. 2002 Jul;184(4):393-6.

- Ingervall B, Helkimo E. Masticatory muscle force and facial morphology in man. Arch Oral Biol. 1978;23(3):203-6.

- Subramaniam P, Girish Babu KL, Ifzah. Effect of Restoring Carious Teeth on Occlusal Bite Force in Children. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2016;40(4):297-300.

- Bakke M, Holm B, Jensen BL, Michler L, Moller E. Unilateral, isometric bite force in 8-68-year-old women and men related to occlusal factors. Scand J Dent Res. 1990 Apr;98(2):149-58.

- Mountain G, Wood D, Toumba J. Bite force measurement in children with primary dentition. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2011 Mar;21(2):112-8.

- Kiliaridis S, Johansson A, Haraldson T, Omar R, Carlsson GE. Craniofacial morphology, occlusal traits, and bite force in persons with advanced occlusal tooth wear. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1995 Mar;107(3):286-92.

- Sghaireen MG, Al-Omiri MK, Patil S, Sewelim R, Alrewely MK, Wsheh K, et al. Maximum bite force for children on primary and permanent teeth: Within subject comparison. Eur Sci J. 2014 Oct;10(30):166-172.

- Fields HW, Proffit WR, Case JC, Vig KW. Variables affecting measurements of vertical occlusal force. J Dent Res. 1986 Feb;65(2):135-8.

- Ingervall B, Bitsanis E. A pilot study of the effect of masticatory muscle training on facial growth in long-face children. Eur J Orthod. 1987 Feb;9(1):15-23.

- Sonnesen L, Bakke M, Solow B. Bite force in pre-orthodontic children with unilateral crossbite. Eur J Orthod. 2001 Dec;23(6):741-9.

- Fernandes CP, Glantz PO, Svensson SA, Bergmark A. A novel sensor for bite force determinations. Dent Mater. 2003 Mar;19(2):118-26.

- Castelo PM, Pereira LJ, Bonjardim LR, Gaviao MB. Changes in bite force, masticatory muscle thickness, and facial morphology between primary and mixed dentition in preschool children with normal occlusion. Ann Anat. 2010 Feb 20;192(1):23-6.

- Rentes AM, Gaviao MB, Amaral JR. Bite force determination in children with primary dentition. J Oral Rehabil. 2002 Dec;29(12):1174-80.

- Ferrario VF, Sforza C, Serrao G, Dellavia C, Tartaglia GM. Single tooth bite forces in healthy young adults. J Oral Rehabil. 2004 Jan;31(1):18-22.

- Regalo SC, Santos CM, Vitti M, Regalo CA, de Vasconcelos PB, Mestriner W Jr, et al. Evaluation of molar and incisor bite force in indigenous compared with white population in Brazil. Arch Oral Biol. 2008 Mar;53(3):282-6.

- Alkan A, Keskiner I, Arici S, Sato S. The effect of periodontitis on biting abilities. J Periodontol. 2006 Aug;77(8):1442-5.

- Bonakdarchian M, Askari N, Askari M. Effect of face form on maximal molar bite force with natural dentition. Arch Oral Biol. 2009 Mar;54(3):201-4.

- Jensen R, Rasmussen BK, Pedersen B, Lous I, Olesen J. Cephalic muscle tenderness and pressure pain threshold in a general population. Pain. 1992 Feb;48(2):197-203.

- Kikuchi M, Korioth TW, Hannam AG. The association among occlusal contacts, clenching effort, and bite force distribution in man. J Dent Res. 1997 Jun;76(6):1316-25.

- Pizolato RA, Gaviao MB, Berretin-Felix G, Sampaio AC, Trindade Junior AS. Maximal bite force in young adults with temporomandibular disorders and bruxism. Braz Oral Res. 2007 Jul-Sep;21(3):278-83.

- Pereira-Cenci T, Pereira LJ, Cenci MS, Bonachela WC, Del Bel Cury AA. Maximal bite force and its association with temporomandibular disorders. Braz Dent J. 2007;18(1):65-8.

- Laurell L, Lundgren D. Periodontal ligament areas and occlusal forces in dentitions restored with cross-arch bilateral end abutment bridges. J Clin Periodontol. 1985 Nov;12(10):850-60.

- Palinkas M, Nassar MS, Cecilio FA, Siessere S, Semprini M, Machado-de-Sousa JP, et al. Age and gender influence on maximal bite force and masticatory muscles thickness. Arch Oral Biol. 2010 Oct;55(10):797-802.

- Abu Alhaija ES, Al Zo'ubi IA, Al Rousan ME, Hammad MM. Maximum occlusal bite forces in Jordanian individuals with different dentofacial vertical skeletal patterns. Eur J Orthod. 2010 Feb;32(1):71-7.

- Pereira LJ, Pastore MG, Bonjardim LR, Castelo PM, Gaviao MB. Molar bite force and its correlation with signs of temporomandibular dysfunction in mixed and permanent dentition. J Oral Rehabil. 2007 Oct;34(10):759-66.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.