Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences 2015. 12(7):484-490.

A Digital Stereomicroscopic Study of the Radicular Wall Thickness of Two-Canal Mandibular Incisors
Sedigheh Khedmat, Sohayla Mohamadian, Fatemeh Dibaji, Mohamad Javad Kharrazifard

Abstract


Objectives: This study aimed to assess the radicular wall thickness in mandibular incisors with two canals and find the maximum and minimum thickness to prevent root canal treatment (RCT) procedural errors.

Materials and Methods: A total of 160 extracted mandibular incisors were selected and radiographed; out of which, 55 had two canals. Three parallel transverse sections were made in each tooth at 1mm below the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), mid-root and 1 millimeter to the apex. Specimens were evaluated under a stereomicroscope and the thickness of radicular walls in each section was determined for the buccal, lingual and proximal surfaces. Data were statistically analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient test.

Results: The thickness of radicular wall decreased from the cervical towards the apex. In all three sections (cervical, mid-root and apical), the thickness of lingual wall was significantly greater than the buccal wall. Also, the thickness of buccal and lingual walls was significantly higher than that of the proximal walls.

Conclusion: The lingual radicular wall had the highest thickness in two-canal mandibular incisors. Therefore, in these teeth, the lingual canal is a better choice for post placement.

Key words:


Keywords


Root Canal; Dentin; Thickness; Tooth Root

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