Effect of Nd:YAG and Diode Lasers on Apical Seal of Root Canals Filled with AH Plus and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate-Based Sealers
Objectives: Laser irradiation, as an adjunct to root canal preparation, may increase the success rate of endodontic treatments. This study aimed to assess the effect of neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) and diode lasers on the apical seal of the root canals filled with AH Plus® and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-based sealers.
Materials and Methods: This in-vitro experimental study was conducted on 96 single-rooted, single-canal extracted human teeth with closed apices. The root canals were prepared by using ProTaper® rotary instruments and were randomly divided into six groups (n=16): 940-nm diode laser and AH Plus® sealer (group 1), Nd:YAG laser and AH Plus® sealer (group 2), AH Plus® sealer (group 3), 940-nm diode laser and MTA-based sealer (group 4), Nd:YAG laser and MTA-based sealer (group 5), MTA-based sealer (group 6), as well as positive and negative control groups. A bacterial leakage model was used for microleakage assessment. Qualitative assessment was done by using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) at the significance level of 0.05.
Results: There were statistically significant differences between the experimental and control groups (P=0.002). The laser-treated groups showed a lower apical microleakage compared to the non-laser-treated groups, although the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). No significant differences were noted between the two lasers in terms of the apical microleakage, irrespective of the type of sealer (P>0.05).
Conclusions: Laser irradiation, as an adjunct to root canal preparation, has no significant effect on the level of apical microleakage.
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