Comparison of Bond Strength of Acrylic, Composite, and Nanocomposite Artificial Teeth to Heat-Cure Acrylic Denture Base Resin

  • Tahereh Ghaffari Gharebagh Department of Prosthodontics, Dental Faculty of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • Fahimeh Hamedirad Mail Dental Materials Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences. Babol, Iran
  • Keyvan Miruzadeh Dentist, Dental Faculty of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Denture Bases, Acrylic Resins, Shear Strength, Artificial Teeth


Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the bond strength of heat-cure denture base resin to newly designed Iranian artificial acrylic teeth.
Materials and Methods: In this in-vitro experimental study, shear bond strengths of Ivoclar acrylic, Apple composite, and B-Star nanocomposite teeth to heat-cure acrylic denture base resin were compared. A total of 18 samples were selected from each group of teeth. The samples were attached to heat-cure resin according to ISO 10477 standard. For the assessment of bond strength, the samples were placed in a universal testing machine and were subjected to shear forces at a speed of 1 mm/minute to record the fracture load. Descriptive statistics, including frequency, mean, and standard deviation, were calculated using SPSS 20 software. Two-way analysis of variance was used to compare the shear bond strength of the groups with and without monomers and the studied artificial teeth.
Results: The mean shear bond strengths of Ivoclar acrylic teeth were 392.22±23.76 MPa and 337.11±32.18 MPa with and without adding monomers to the tooth surface, respectively. The mean shear bond strengths were 250.44±29.84 MPa and 238.33±27.28 MPa (without monomers) and 438.33±24.16 MPa and 311.56±32.78 MPa (with monomers) for Apple composite and B-Star nanocomposite artificial teeth, respectively.
Conclusion: The greatest shear bond strength was attributed to Ivoclar acrylic teeth followed by Apple composite and B-Star nanocomposite artificial teeth. Addition of monomers to the tooth surface significantly strengthened the shear bonding of acrylic base resin to the teeth.


Huggett R, John G, Jagger RG, Bates JF. Strength of the acrylicdenture base tooth bond.British Dental Journal,1982;153:187–190.

Adeyemi AA, Lyons MF, Cameron DA. The acrylic toothdenturebase bond: effect of mechanical preparation andsurface treatment. European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry ,2007;15:108–114.

Yanikoglu DN, Duymus DZ, Bayindir DF. Comparativebond strengths of autopolymerizingdentureresin and light cured composite resin to dentureteeth. Int Dent J, 2002; 52: 20–24.

Vallittu PK, Lassila VP, Lappalainen R. Evaluation of damageto removable artificial teeth in two cities in Finland. Acta OdontologicaScandinavica 1993;51:363–9.

Cunningham JL, Benington IC. Bond strength variations of synthetic resin teeth in artificial teeth. Int J Prosthodont, 1995;8:69-72.

Catterlin RK, Plummer KD, Gulley ME. Effect of tinfoil substitute contamination on adhesion of resin denture tooth to its denture base. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry ,1993;69:57-59.

Barbosa DB, Barao VA, Monteiro DR, CompagnoniMA, Marra J. Bond strength of denture teethto acrylic resin: effect of thermos cycling and polymerizationmethods. Gerodontology, 2008; 25: 237–244.

Aidsman IK. Glossary of prosthodontic terms. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, 1977;38:66-109.

Cunningham JL. Shear bond strength of resin teeth to heat‐cured and light‐cured denture base resin. Journal of Oral rehabilitation , 2000;27:312-316.

Büyükyilmaz S, Ruyter I. The Effects of Polymerization Temperature on the Acrylic Resin Denture Base--Tooth Bond. International Journal of Prosthodontics, 1997;10:49-54.

Thean HP, Chew CL, Goh KI. Shear bond strength of artificial teethto base: a comparative study. Quintessence International ,1996;27:774-781.

Chung RW, Clark RK, Darvell BW. The bonding of cold‐cured acrylic resin to acrylic denture teeth. Australian dental journal, 1995;40:241-245.

Matsumura H, Yoshida K, Tanaka T, Atsuta M. Adhesive bonding of titanium with a titanate coupler and 4-META/MMA-TBB opaque resin. Journal of dental research, 1990;69:1614-1616.

Takahashi Y, Chai J, Takahashi T, Habu T. Bond strength of artificial teethto denture base resins. International journal of prosthodontics ,2000;13:4764-82.

Ghahramani L, Shahabi S, Amirjan A, Fazel A. Comparison of bond strength of composite and acrylic teeth to heat-cured and auto-polymerized acrylic denture base. Journal of Dental Medicine -Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 2010;215-226.

Chittaranjan B, Taruna M, Sudheer N, Patil NS. Evaluation of shear bond strength of three different types of artificial teeth to heat cure denture base resin: An in vitro study. Indian J Dent Res, 2013;24:321-325.

Papazoglou E, Vasilas AI. Shear bond strengths for composite and autopolymerized acrylic resins bonded to acrylic resin denture teeth. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry, 1999;82:573-578.

International organization for standardization. Dentistry:polymer- based crown and bridge material. ISO 10477: 1992 DAM 1 Draft Amendment.ISO/IC 106/SC2. Geneva: International Organization for standardization. 1995.

Nematollahi F, Azizi N, Shahabi S, Ghahremani L, Asgari Z, Hossein Bagheri G. Comparison effect of artificial tooth type and cyclic loading on the bond strength to auto-polymerized acrylic denture base resins. Journal of Dental Medicine ,2013;26: 81-90.

Jemt T. Failures and complications in 391 consecutively inserted fixed prosthesis supported by Branemark implants in edentulous jaws: A study of treatment from the time of prosthesis placement to the first annual check up. Int J oral maxilla Implants ,1991 ;6:270-276.

Cunningham JL, Benington IC. Effect of an experimental cement on denture tooth bond. J Dent Res ,1994;74:949.

Reshadi S. Comparison of bond strength between artificial resin teeth and denture base through three method of mold preparation. Journal of Mashhad Dental School ,2007;36:144-149.

Wayne Caswell C, Norling BK. Comparative study of the bond strengths of three abrasion-resistant plastic artificial teethbonded to a cross-linked and a grafted, cross-linked denture base material. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry ,1986;55:701-708.

Barpal D, Curtis DA, Finzen F, Perry J, Gansky SA. Failure load of acrylic resin artificial teethbonded to high impact acrylic resins. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry ,1998 31;80:666-671.

Kawara M, Carter JM, Ogle RK, Johnson HH. Bonding of plastic teeth to denture base resins. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry, 1991;66:566-571.

Spratley M. An investigation of the adhesion of acrylic resinteeth to denture. J Prosthet Dent ,1987;58:389-392.

Morrow RM, Matvias FM, Windeler AS, FuchsRJ. Bonding of plastic teeth to two heat-curingdenture base resins. J Prosthet Dent ,1978; 39: 565–568.

Yamauchi M, Iwahori M, Sakai M, Koda T, Kawano J, Maeno T. Comparative bond strengths of plastic teeth to microwave-curing, heat-curing and 4-META containing denture base resins. Gifu Shika Gakkai Zasshi ,1989;16:542-550.

Nejati F, Savabi O. The comparative study of different methods in increasing bonding strength of plastic teeth to acrylic resin base. J Dent Sch ,2004;21:584-590.

Harrison A, Huggett R. Effect of the curing cycle on residual monomer levels of acrylic resin denture base polymers. Journal of dentistry, 1992;20:370-374.

Ghasemi E, Mosharraf R, Eidi N. Evaluation of bond strength of four types of multilithic teeth to acrylic denture base material. JIDA, 2010;22:240-247.

Khaki MN, Ehsani S. Comparing the bond strength of four kinds of Ideal-Makoo artificial teeth (Iran) and two Leichtenstein & Italy Ivoclar teeth with prosthetic acrylic base. journal of Dental School , 2008;25.215-221.

How to Cite
Ghaffari Gharebagh T, Hamedirad F, Miruzadeh K. Comparison of Bond Strength of Acrylic, Composite, and Nanocomposite Artificial Teeth to Heat-Cure Acrylic Denture Base Resin. Front Dent. 16(3):166-172.
Original Article