Finite Element Analysis of Stress in Bone and Abutment-Implant Interface under Static and Cyclic Loadings
Analysis of Bone around Implant
Objectives: The success of implant treatment depends on many factors affecting the bone-implant, implant-abutment, and abutment-prosthesis interfaces. Stress distribution in bone plays a major role in success/failure of dental implants. This study aimed to assess the pattern of stress distribution in bone and abutment-implant interface under static and cyclic loadings using finite element analysis (FEA).
Materials and Methods: In this study, ITI implants (4.1×12 mm) placed at the second premolar site with Synocta abutments and metal-ceramic crowns were simulated using SolidWorks 2007 and ABAQUS software. The bone-implant contact was assumed to be 100%. The abutments were tightened with 35 Ncm preload torque according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Static and cyclic loads were applied in axial (116 Ncm), lingual (18 Ncm), and mesiodistal (24 Ncm) directions. The maximum von Mises stress and strain values were recorded.
Results: The maximum stress concentration was at the abutment neck during both static and cyclic loadings. Also, maximum stress concentration was observed in the cortical bone. The loading stress was higher in cyclic than static loading.
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that the level of stress in single-unit implant restorations is within the tolerable range by bone.
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